The Golden Age of Theoretical Ecology: 1923–1940 Book

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The Golden Age of Theoretical Ecology: 1923–1940

By F.M. Scudo,J.R. Ziegler
  • Book ID : 3642501516
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 492
  • Genre : Science
  • Reads : 674
  • eBook Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • File Pdf: the-golden-age-of-theoretical-ecology.pdf

Book Summary:

This is the part of any book where the authors usually discuss why they wrote it. We hope, however, that the text will justifY itself. In fact, any well-trained ecologist will immediately grasp the significance of these seminal works. We have therefore tried to keep our interpretive comments to a minimum. Students of "modern" theoretical ecology will want to contrast the papers in this collection with their modern derivatives. We believe that those who do so will be surprised, if not amazed, by the ecological sophistication and intellectual power of the earlier works. They will stand as a challenge to those who study them, and we hope, provide a standard for the quality of their work. By presenting this collection of works, most of them not easily available and/or for the first time in English, we hope to help them attain the high level of recognition they deserve. We are also enabling readers not sufficiently familiar with Italian to acquire enough of a background to properly follow the works in French not presented here by including Volterra's "Variazioni e fluttuazioni del numero d' indi vidui in specie animali convi venti" (1927), still available. in the original edition.

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  • File Pdf: britain-and-its-empire-in-the-shadow-of-rome.pdf

Book Summary:

Drawing on new primary source evidence, this volume evaluates ancient Rome's influence on an English intellectual tradition from the 1850s to the 1920s as politicians, scientists, economists and social reformers addressed three fundamental debates of the period – Empire, Nation and City. These debates emerged as a result of political, economic and social change both in the Empire and Britain, and coalesced around issues of degeneracy, morality and community. As ideas of political freedom were subsumed by ideas of civilization, best preserved by technocratic governance, the political and historical focus on Republican Rome was gradually displaced by interest in the Imperial period of the Roman emperors. Moreover, as the spectre of the British Empire and Nation in decline increased towards the turn of the nineteenth century, the reception of Imperial Rome itself was transformed. By the 1920s, following the end of World War I, Imperial Rome was conjured into a new framework echoing that of the British Empire and appealing to the surging nationalistic mood.

German Military and the Weimar Republic

By Karen Schaefer
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Pen and Sword Military
  • Isbn : 1526764334
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 146
  • File Pdf: german-military-and-the-weimar-republic.pdf

Book Summary:

This military biography examines the man who sought to rebuild the Germany Army after WWI—and the rival who stoked the rise of Nazism. After Germany’s devastating defeat in the First World War, General Hans von Seekt became Chief of the Army Command at the Reichewehr Ministry of the Weimar Republic. His job was to rebuild the shattered German army and repair the nation’s standing on the world stage. The punitive terms of the post-war settlement made these ambitious goals nearly impossible, but the most significant challenges von Seekt faced came from within Germany. Von Seekt aimed to build a modern and efficient military with a main strategy of peaceful defense purposes. This original and far-sighted policy was opposed by his rival, General Erich Ludendorff, who led a nationalistic movement seeking revenge for Germany’s defeat. Ludendorff proposed to rebuild the once-mighty German imperial army as a major international force. The failure of von Seekt's experiment was tragically mirrored by the fall of the Weimar Republic, and the rise of rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany.

Brazil and the Soviet Challenge, 1917–1947

By Stanley E. Hilton
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Isbn : 9780292786431
  • Pages : 310
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 497
  • File Pdf: brazil-and-the-soviet-challenge-1917-1947.pdf

Book Summary:

This study sheds new light on the Brazilian communist movement and how the specter of the USSR influenced mid-twentieth century Brazilian foreign policy. Between 1918 and 1961, Brazil and the USSR maintained formal diplomatic ties for only thirty-one months, at the end of World War II. Yet, despite the official distance, the USSR is the only external actor whose behavior, real or imagined, influenced the structure of the Brazilian state in the twentieth century. In Brazil and the Soviet Challenge, 1917–1947, Stanley Hilton examines Brazilian policy toward the Soviet Union during this period. Drawing on American, British, and German diplomatic archives and unprecedented access to official and private Brazilian records, Hilton elucidates the connection between the Brazilian elite’s perception of a communist threat and the creation of the authoritarian Estado Novo (1937–1945), the forerunner of the post-1964 national security state. Hilton shows how the 1935 communist revolt generated irresistible pressure for an authoritarian government to contain the Soviet threat; details the Brazilian government’s secret cooperation with the Gestapo during the 1930s and its concomitant efforts to forge an anti-Soviet front in the Southern Cone; and uncovers Brazil’s attempt to build counterintelligence capabilities in neighboring countries.

Taxation and Society in Twentieth-Century Argentina

By José Antonio Sánchez Román
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 1137087412
  • Pages : 245
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 923
  • File Pdf: taxation-and-society-in-twentieth-century-argentina.pdf

Book Summary:

This book provides a historical narrative of the Argentine tax system in the twentieth century. It argues that the failure to build permanent trust between the state and the civil society and the unraveling of confidence within Argentine society itself account for the collapse of the progressive tax system.

Baptism and the Baptists

By Anthony R. Cross
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Isbn : 1532617062
  • Pages : 550
  • Category : Religion
  • Reads : 704
  • File Pdf: baptism-and-the-baptists.pdf

Book Summary:

Since its first publication in 2000, Baptism and the Baptists has become the definitive work on the subject. It examines the theology and practice of believers' baptism among twentieth-century Baptists associated with the Baptist Union of Great Britain, and identifies the major influences which have led to its development. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the majority of Baptists concentrated predominantly on the mode and subjects of baptism (immersion and believers), understanding the rite merely as an ordinance--the believer's personal profession of faith in Christ. However, in continuity with a tradition of Baptists going back as far as the first Baptists in the second and third decades of the seventeenth century, there were also a significant number of ministers and scholars who saw the inadequacy of this view of baptism both biblically and theologically. This sacramental view developed and grew throughout the twentieth century, and influenced a resurgence of baptismal sacramentalism in the early twenty-first century among Baptists not just in Britain, but also in North America, Europe, and further afield.

Politburo And The Church Kremlin Archives N. Petrovsky, S.G. Petrov

By Erdogan A
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Erdogan A
  • Isbn : 1329453700
  • Pages : 648
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 872
  • File Pdf: politburo-and-the-church-kremlin-archives-n-petrovsky-s-g-petrov.pdf

Book Summary:

Politburo And The Church, Kremlin Archives, N. Petrovsky, S.G. Petrov

For the Betterment of the Race

By S. Kühl
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 1137286121
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 613
  • File Pdf: for-the-betterment-of-the-race.pdf

Book Summary:

Racism, race hygiene, eugenics, and their histories have for a long time been studied in terms of individual countries, whether genocidal ideology in Nazi Germany or scientific racial theories in the United States. As this study demonstrates, however, eugenic racial policy and scientific racism alike had a strongly international dimension. Concepts such as a 'Racial Confederation of European Peoples' or a 'blonde internationalism' marked the thinking and the actions of many eugenicists, undergirding transnational networks that persist even today. Author Stefan Kühl provides here a historical foundation for this phenomenon, contextualizing the international eugenics movement in relation to National Socialist race policies and showing how intensively eugenicists worked to disseminate their beliefs throughout the world.

Words at Work in Vanity Fair

By M. Banta
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 0230370810
  • Pages : 233
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reads : 824
  • File Pdf: words-at-work-in-vanity-fair.pdf

Book Summary:

Banta draws upon essays in Vanity Fair by noted journalists, literary figures, and cultural critics in order to examine the manner by which major cultural and historical events in the Untied States and Britain led to the invention of previously non-existent words to express the rampant changes within society.

Coffin Hardware in Nineteenth-century America

By Megan E Springate
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1315432153
  • Pages : 117
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 849
  • File Pdf: coffin-hardware-in-nineteenth-century-america.pdf

Book Summary:

Using data from archaeological excavations, patent filings, and marketing catalogs, this book provides a broad view of the introduction, spread, and use of mass-produced coffin hardware in North America. At the book's heart is a standardized typology of coffin hardware that recognizes stylistic and functional changes and a fresh look at the meanings and uses of the various motifs and decorative elements. Within the discussion of mass-produced coffin hardware in North America is new work connecting the North American industry with its British antecedents and a fresh analysis of the prime factors that led to the introduction and spread of mass-produced coffin hardware. Extensively illustrated with examples of coffin hardware to aid scholars and professionals in identification.

'New Statesman'

By Adrian Smith
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1135206295
  • Pages : 340
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 391
  • File Pdf: new-statesman.pdf

Book Summary:

This volume reveals how a fledgling Fabian journal came to play a key role in the growth of the modern Labour Party. The author compares its first journalists with later generations of editors and writers and rediscovers the early, and lasting, importance of the British Left's best-known magazine.